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Although Dipylidium species are the most common tapeworms in dogs, other cestodes are also important in certain areas.
Hookworms can also live long times in the soil after being released from an infected dog through feces. They can penetrate skin, so dogs andhumans can contract them by simply walking in infected soil barefoot.
Like most other intestinal worms, hookworms are diagnosed by examining a stool sample under a microscope. If your vet finds hookworm eggs, he or she will probably prescribe medication to kill the adult worms. Typically this is one of the same deworming pills that kill other worms such as roundworms. The best prevention for hookworm is -- once again -- being diligent in picking up after your dog. The longer an infected dog's stool sits, the more likely it is that any hookworm eggs will hatch out into larvae and find their way under your dog's skin.
Give you dogs a dewormer from your vet!
Hookworms in a dog’s intestines. (Wikimedia Commons / CDC)
Dogs are victims of several internal parasites frequently referred to as worms. The most common are the roundworms that infest most puppies at some time in their young lives and tapeworms that can be a big problem when flea infestations are high.Why does the veterinarian want to check a stool sample? Dogs (and cats) are victims of several intestinal parasites frequently referred to as worms. The most common are the , hookworms, whipworms and tapeworms. Of these four only two are commonly seen in the stool with the unaided eye: roundworms and tapeworms. Most worm infestations cause any or all of these symptoms: diarrhea, perhaps with blood in the stool; weight loss; dry hair; general poor appearance; and vomiting, perhaps with worms in the vomitus. However, some infestations cause few or no symptoms; in fact some worm eggs or larvae can be dormant in the dog's body and activated only in times of stress, or in the case of roundworms, until the latter stages of pregnancy, when they activate and infest the soon-to-be-born puppies.This worm can grow to seven inches in length. Females can produce 200 thousand eggs in a day, eggs that are protected by a hard shell and can exist in the soil for years. Dogs become infected by ingesting worm eggs from contaminated soil. The eggs hatch in the intestine and the resulting larva are carried to the lungs by the bloodstream.Puppies and kittens are born with intestinal worms. This occurs because worms resting within the mother's body are stimulated to grow by hormones secreted during pregnancy. The newly developed worms within the mother pass through the placenta (transplacental) and into the young before they are born. In addition, worms are passed through the mother's milk (transmammary) to the young. Puppies, kittens, and female dogs that are nursing should be wormed routinely. These are small, thin worms that fasten to the wall of the small intestine and suck blood. Dogs get hookworm if they come in contact with the larvae in contaminated soil. As with roundworms, the hookworm larvae becomes an adult in the intestine. The pups can contract hookworms in the uterus and the dam can infest the pups through her milk.