This article, , contains a good overview of ways to treat dogs suffering from anxiety and phobias.
For more information on the diagnosis of separation anxiety, and on other treatments (such as medications) for the syndrome, see the article entitled "Separation Anxiety in Dogs".
The situation can be addressed by providing each meal inside a Kong Toy, foraging ball or other similar, safe device. Providing food in this manner requires the dog to expend effort extricating its meal, and it increases the time spent consuming food each day. This may have a positive impact on separation anxiety.
These are the most common types of anxiety in dogs.
3. You may be making your dog’s anxiety worse
Is your dog feeling anxious? Stressed? Worried? You may think he can’t tell you if he is, but he can — and he will. Your dog communicates his emotional state through body language and behavior. Decoding his cues is mostly a matter of knowing what to look for. Because domestic dogs usually consider the human family to be their social group, they become bonded to family members. When separated from family members dogs may experience distress and engage in problem behaviors related to the anxiety of separation. These behaviors include destruction, vocalization, elimination of urine and/or stool, anorexia, drooling, attempts at escape and/or behavioral depression. Treatment protocols include independence training, habituation, counter-conditioning and desensitization to owner departure and absence.As you attempt to decode your dog’s body language, take the situation he is in into account. In one context, a dog licking his lips may be expressing fear or anxiety; in another context, the same dog may lick his lips in anticipation of a treat. And some lick their lips when they feel nauseous. Consider your dog’s overall behavior, not just one motion or gesture, when you assess his stress level. Be particularly aware of behavior that seems out of character for your dog. In order to recognize when your dog is anxious, it is important to be familiar with how he behaves when he’s relaxed. In my experience, dogs who are relaxed and comfortable tend to show this in their . If your dog exhibits signs that could be signaling stress or anxiety, start with a visit to the veterinarian. Your vet can investigate medical issues that may be contributing to changes in your dog’s behavior. Owner complaints of destruction, elimination or vocalization are not enough to make a diagnosis of separation anxiety. In addition to these behaviors the dog will often show other signs of attachment and separation related distress. Dogs with separation related anxiety often follow their owners while they get ready to leave or keep them within their field of vision. As owners approach the end of their leaving routine, the dog may begin to look distressed and anxious the closer they get to leaving the house. Some dogs will show their anxiety by whining, panting or pacing while others become immobile. Most dogs engage in the separation related behaviors within 30 minutes of owner departure 2. Alternately, there may be dogs that experience separation related anxiety without destruction, but may drool and/or refuse to eat and become immobile while their owners are gone. Self-mutilation, excessive licking and vomiting or diarrhea can also occur as symptoms of separation distress. While most of the problem behavior occurs shortly after owner departure, some dogs may cycle through periods of re-arousal perhaps brought on by outside stimulus. 3